One could be forgiven for thinking that relativism is a modern phenomena, perhaps born in the “swinging 60s” when social attitudes towards a huge number of issues began to change. However it has roots that go back much further: As early as 450 B.C. Protagoras, a Presocratic Philosopher, is remembered for his relativist statement that “man is the measure of all things”. He argued that Humans create moral standards for themselves and he is hailed as the first cultural relativist (Fieser).
So does relativism work? Well in general in does produce moral answers that are flexible and seemingly more compassionate. Students I teach often agree that real-life problems require an approach that is able to adapt and react to the situation. However the serious objection is that relativism is inconsistent and impossible to apply accurately; for example how does Bentham propose we accurately measure pleasure? How can Fletcher ensure all people are shown agape? Surely it is better to use a set rule that everyone knows in advance and furthermore can show no unintentional favoritism or bias?
Are you a moral relativist? Or are you more convinced by absolutism?